Trust in the Power of Nature
Horseradish is a perennial herb (it lasts for several years) originating from southeast Europe. Its tough twisted root is used in cooking to make horseradish sauce, a tangy and peppery sauce used to accompany fish and roast meat.
Horseradish is a voracious grower and has a tendency to take over the garden. It grows well in full sun or partial shade, and should be grown in a permanent spot. It will also grow well in a deep container (this can be advantage as it prevents the herb from spreading).
- Common Names
- Horseradish root
- Botanical Name
- Armoracia rusticana
- Syn. Cochlearia armoracia
Growing Horseradish – Gardening Basics
Horseradish is best grown from a single piece of root. Plant the root in early spring or in autumn, in a well-prepared spot that’s free from weeds. Dig a hole 30cm deep and mix in some organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure. Place the root at a 45-degree angle in the hole and cover with soil, watering well
After a few weeks, shoots and leaves will start to emerge from the soil. Keep the soil moist and free from weeds. Once the plant has developed large leaves it shouldn’t need much attention. The leaves will block light from weeds and suppress their growth; the root should be deep enough to absorb water from deep below the soil’s surface. However if conditions to get very dry, a good drink will promote strong growth.
To stop it getting out of hand (it can become invasive), you should lift all the plants in October after the first frost. You can store the roots in sand, using the larger ones in the kitchen, and replanting the smaller ones the following spring. Alternatively you can grow it in a deep container filled with John Innes No 2 compost.
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Important Growing Information:
DAYS TO GERMINATION: fast growing
SOWING:Best planted in early spring into 15cm deep holes which are spaced at 60cm intervals.
LIGHT PREFERENCE: full or partial shade
SOIL REQUIREMENTS: any type of soil. Moist and not puddling.
HARDINESS ZONE: 3 – 10
Medicinal Uses & Benefits of Horseradish
- Medicinal Uses: * Athletes Foot/Ringworm * Bladder Infection (UTI) * Bronchitis* Congestion * Cough * Gout * Herpes/Cold Sores * Scabies
- Properties: * Antibacterial * Antiscorbutic * Bitter * Circulation * Diaphoretic/sudorific * Diuretic * Expectorant * Rubefacient * Stimulant
- Parts Used: grated root, seldom leaves
- Constituents: sinigrin (a glycoside which combined with water yields mustard oil), vitamin c, asparagine, resin
Grated, fresh horseradish is pungent source of mustard oil and is used in herbal kitchen medicine in much the same way as mustard seed, as an excellent digestive stimulant for heavy, oily meats. Horseradish may be one of the fastest ways to clear congestedsinuses, and its antibiotic properties helps to heal the root causes of infection as well. 1 If you are looking for an all purpose cold remedy, you may look no further than horseradish. Horseradish provides Vitamin C, promotes persipiration to “sweat it out”, loosens both chest and sinus congestion, stimulates the nerves, and soothes a sore throat.5Horseradish is also a diuretic and useful for urinary infections. The depurative nature of horseradish may be why it is a longstanding folk remedy for gout and rheumatism2Horseradish stimulates blood flow, increasing warmth and circulation to cold muscles and joints when used externally as a rubefacient in plasters and poultices.
Preparation Methods & Dosage :Fresh grated root, combined with cider vinegar and honey. Use it externally as a poultice or plaster for rheumatic joints and to stimulate blood flow. One to two tablespoons of fresh grated root daily, 1/2 teaspoon tincture, or as horseradish dressing on foods. Grate it into a little lemon juice or vinegar.
In the Kitchen: Horseradish or ‘prepared horseradish’ refers to the grated root of the horseradish plant mixed with vinegar. Prepared horseradish is white to creamy-beige in color. The young leaves can be lightly steamed and tossed with blander greens for a healthy meal.
Horseradish Side Effects: Overuse may blister the skin. Do not use it if your thyroid function is low or if taking thyroxine.
This information in our Herbal Reference Guide is intended only as a general reference for further exploration, and is not a replacement for professional health advice. This content does not provide dosage information, format recommendations, toxicity levels, or possible interactions with prescription drugs. Accordingly, this information should be used only under the direct supervision of a qualified health practitioner.
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